Here Are 5 Facts You Should Know About HIV In 2018

At first thought most people will consider HIV/AIDS a terminal disease with no hope for its patients, some years carriers of the virus were heavily stigmatized and treated like outcasts because people lacked the proper education on the virus. Presently, that has changed. 

Recently, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) has listed Nigeria as second largest HIV epidemic in the world. Which means the country has the second highest number of citizens with HIV and it has one of the highest new infection rates in sub-Saharan Africa. 

Things could not be any worse after condom manufacturer Durex listed Nigerian as the top cheats in the world which makes it much easier to spread the disease. Let's face it your condoms and preventive measures can completely protect you from the virus if it would have then the rate of single mothers could not be on the rise every day. 

On a basic level, most of us are familiar with the virus, how it spreads, and how it affects the body and the preventive measures. 

But there are so many misconceptions about the virus that exist since it came into the public eye in the 1980s. 

Here are 5 facts you should know about HIV in 2018.

1. Having HIV Won't Shorten Your Lifespan 

This was once a myth about people with HIV dying within 10 years. But according to doctors those with HIV could have the same lifespan as someone without HIV. 

Dr. Malvestutto an infectious disease specialist in Columbus, Ohio, United State says that 

If you're undergoing antiretroviral treatment and your viral load is undetectable, then you have about the same lifespan as someone without HIV. 

However, there is one caveat to that: heart disease. According to Northwestern University researchers, people with HIV can have double the risk of heart attack, which makes it more important for people with HIV to live a healthy lifestyle like quitting smoking, exercising, eating healthy and controlling high blood pressure to reduce the chances of heart attack.

2. You Can Now Prevent HIV Infection Before You Are Exposed

Think of it as prevention before cure. 10 years ago, condoms and clean needles were the only possible means to prevent HIV transmission, but over the years with the improvements in modern medicine, you can prevent HIV transmission through a pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) treatment called Truvada which is a pill meant to prevent HIV infection for those who don't HIV.

The pill works by blocking the HIV virus from attacking the immune system. So if there are any chances you are with a partner who you aren't sure of their status and there happens to be a condom breakage, you can go for an HIV test and also get on PrEP to help prevent the possibility of an infection.

3. You Can Prevent HIV Even If You Have S*x With Someone Who Has HIV 

If you had s*x without using condoms with someone who has HIV, you can actually prevent being the infection if you are fast enough. 

Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) are antiretroviral drugs that must be administered within 72 hours or sooner in case of potential HIV exposure and can reduce the risk of infection.

4. You Cant Get HIV From Oral S*x (Unless)

HIV can only be transmitted through blood or semen, and even if she swallows your semen there is little or no risk of her getting infected with the virus, at least that is what the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) tells us. This is because there are low chances of semen entering the bloodstream if ingested through the mouth. 

The risk is only high if there are sores in the mouth or pen!s or bleeding gums. 

5. You Can't Get HIV From Kissing 

Like seriously, this myth was debunked many years ago, but so many people still believe that can get HIV just from looking at someone that has HIV (lol). First of all, HIV is not contagious (only AIDS is). 

You can't get HIV from exchanging saliva with an infected person. The virus can only be transmitted through semen or when it gets in contact with blood, so unless you guy are biting each other's lips till it bleeds then you can go ahead. 

So there you have it. 

I remain your favorite health blogger Paul Samuel FitnessDoctor.

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